, as also noted by the mcpfe. Particular attention will be needed for the development of an appropriate and balanced toolbox of policies and practices aimed at monitoring, assessing and reporting on the preservation of cultural, historical and landscape values, as well as for better understanding their impact on sustainability. John Par- rotta, and. These protocols also do not fully identify landscape histories or culturally important landscapes as central considera- tions for future management decisions. Although, timber production is regulated and the ecological functions and natural values protected by a number of EU directives, cultural values are not preserved by specic European initiatives at management level nor included in certication standards. The opening ceremony was hosted in Palazzo Vecchio, the town hall, thanks to the support offered by the City of Florence, while the technical sessions were held at the Italian Academy of Forestry Science. In the case of countries like Italy, this would mean preserving almost all the entire Italian forest territory. Conservation of historical land uses.